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Primate Behavior and Ecology

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❶Early field primatology tended to focus on individual researchers. His studies have shown that chimpanzees can recognize whether a researcher desires a dropped object, and act accordingly by picking it up.

Primate Behavioral Research

Why primate behavior and ecology research at CWU?
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Breanne describes Primates Incorporated as a dream come true right in her backyard. She aims to further explore primate behavior and socialization while enriching the lives of monkeys in as natural an environment as possible. The sanctuary is her ideal place to be because she is passionate about helping monkeys and excited about the continuing opportunity to observe and learn about their behavioral complexities. Breanne has also worked in a biochemistry lab and spent three years in nursing school at the UW.

She also volunteered at Four Lakes Wildlife Sanctuary rehabilitating young mammals. Breanne currently enjoys volunteering for the Dysautonomia Youth Network of America, an organization that supports young people affected by dysautonomia health conditions.

Hiking, camping, and reading. She has cared for many pets in her life and always had a passion for wild animals. She is devoted to the well-being of captive animals and decided to work at Primates Incorporated to give back to the monkeys who given so much to humans. She looks forward to doing all that she can to help these animals.

Articles Written By Amy. A Delicious Part of a Peaceful Retirement. Each member of the primate community has a part to play, and the Japanese researchers are interested in this complex interaction. For Japanese researchers in primatology, the findings of the team are emphasised over the individual. The study of primates is a group effort, and the group will get the credit for it. A team of researchers may observe a group of primates for several years in order to gather very detailed demographic and social histories.

Where sociobiology attempts to understand the actions of all animal species within the context of advantageous and disadvantageous behaviors, primatology takes an exclusive look at the order Primates, which includes Homo sapiens. The interface between primatology and sociobiology examines in detail the evolution of primate behavioral processes, and what studying our closest living primate relatives can tell about our own minds.

The meeting point of these two disciplines has become a nexus of discussion on key issues concerning the evolution of sociality, the development and purpose of language and deceit, and the development and propagation of culture. Additionally, this interface is of particular interest to the science watchers in science and technology studies, who examine the social conditions which incite, mould, and eventually react to scientific discoveries and knowledge.

The STS approach to primatology and sociobiology stretches beyond studying the apes, into the realm of observing the people studying the apes. Before Darwin , and before molecular biology , the father of modern taxonomy, Carl Linnaeus , organized natural objects into kinds, that we now know reflect their evolutionary relatedness.

He sorted these kinds by morphology , the shape of the object. Animals such as monkeys, chimpanzees and orangutans resemble humans closely, so Linnaeus placed Homo sapiens together with other similar-looking organisms into the taxonomic order Primates.

Although social grooming is observed in many animal species, the grooming activities undertaken by primates are not strictly for the elimination of parasites. In primates, grooming is a social activity that strengthens relationships. The amount of grooming taking place between members of a troop is a potent indicator of alliance formation or troop solidarity. Robin Dunbar suggests a link between primate grooming and the development of human language.

This number is referred to as the monkeysphere. If a population exceeds the size outlined by its cognitive limitations, the group undergoes a schism. Set into an evolutionary context, the Dunbar number shows a drive for the development of a method of bonding that is less labor-intensive than grooming: As the monkeysphere grows, the amount of time that would need to be spent grooming troopmates soon becomes unmanageable.

Furthermore, it is only possible to bond with one troopmate at a time while grooming. The evolution of vocal communication solves both the time constraint and the one-on-one problem, but at a price. Language allows for bonding with multiple people at the same time at a distance, but the bonding produced by language is less intense. This view of language evolution covers the general biological trends needed for language development, but it takes another hypothesis to uncover the evolution of the cognitive processes necessary for language.

Although these modules do not need to be physically distinct, they must be functionally distinct. Orangutans are currently being taught language at the Smithsonian National Zoo using a computer system developed by primatologist Dr.

Francine Neago in conjunction with IBM. The massive modularity theory thesis posits that there is a huge number of tremendously interlinked but specialized modules running programs called Darwinian algorithms , or DA. DA can be selected for just as a gene can, eventually improving cognition. The contrary theory, of generalist mind, suggests that the brain is just a big computer that runs one program, the mind.

If the mind is a general computer, for instance, the ability to use reasoning should be identical regardless of the context. This is not what is observed. However, when exposed to a test with an identical rule set but socially relevant content, respondents score markedly higher. The difference is especially pronounced when the content is about reward and payment.

This test strongly suggests that human logic is based on a module originally developed in a social environment to root out cheaters, and that either the module is at a huge disadvantage where abstract thinking is involved, or that other less effective modules are used when faced with abstract logic.

Further evidence supporting the modular mind has steadily emerged with some startling revelations concerning primates. A very recent study indicated that human babies and grown monkeys approach and process numbers in a similar fashion, suggesting an evolved set of DA for mathematics Jordan. The conceptualization of both human infants and primate adults is cross-sensory, meaning that they can add 15 red dots to 20 beeps and approximate the answer to be 35 grey squares. As more evidence of basic cognitive modules are uncovered, they will undoubtedly form a more solid foundation upon which the more complex behaviors can be understood.

In contradiction to this, neuroscientist Jaak Panksepp has argued that the mind is not a computer nor is it massively modular. He states that no evidence of massive modularity or the brain as a digital computer has been gained through actual neuroscience, as opposed to psychological studies.

He criticises psychologists who use the massive modularity thesis for not integrating neuroscience into their understanding. Primate behavior, like human behavior, is highly social and ripe with the intrigue of kingmaking , powerplays, deception, cuckoldry, and apology. In order to understand the staggeringly complex nature of primate interactions, we look to theory of mind. Theory of mind asks whether or not an individual recognizes and can keep track of information asymmetry amongst individuals in the group, and whether or not they can attribute folk psychological states to their peers.

If some primates can tell what others know and want and act accordingly, they can gain advantage and status. His studies have shown that chimpanzees can recognize whether a researcher desires a dropped object, and act accordingly by picking it up. Even more compelling is the observation that chimps will only act if the object is dropped in an accidental-looking manner: In a related experiment, groups of chimps were given rope-pulling problems they could not solve individually.

However primates do not always fare so well in situations requiring theory of mind. In one experiment pairs of chimpanzees who had been close grooming partners were offered two levers. Pressing one lever would bring them food and another would bring their grooming partner food. Pressing the lever to clearly give their grooming partner much-wanted food would not take away from how much food they themselves got. For some reason, the chimps were unwilling to depress the lever that would give their long-time chums food.

It is plausible but unlikely that the chimps figured there was finite food and it would eventually decrease their own food reward. As the longtime home of Washoe, the chimpanzee who learned how to communicate via sign language, CWU has been in the forefront of primate behavior research. The primate behavior and ecology major is an interdisciplinary program that prepares graduates for advanced degrees in the field or to enter the work force in the area of animal care giving.

Programs Get in Touch! Master of Science in Primate Behavior. College of the Sciences. Description CWU has long been a leader in the field of primate behavior and habitats. Opportunities Only 20 miles west of the Chimpanzee Sanctuary Northwest, home of seven chimpanzees, CWU offers a chance for students to engage, first-hand, in the field of chimpanzee care and husbandry.

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PRIMATE BEHAVIOR OBSERVATION SHEET TIME Resting Sleeping Climbing Walking Running Eating Drinking Groom others Groom self .

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The Primate Behavior and Ecology program provides students with interdisciplinary perspectives on the relationships between non-human primates and the environment in both captive and free-range settings. which is enriched by opportunities for field work, research, and husbandry training. The Primate Behavior and Ecology program is .

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Primate Behavior. Humans are part of the biological group known as primates. Human Evolution Research. Climate and Human Evolution. Climate Effects on Human Evolution; Survival of the Adaptable; East African Research Projects. Olorgesailie Field Blog. Olorgesailie Dispatches;. Primate Behavior: Developments in Field and Laboratory Research, Volume 2, features a collection of papers that points toward the significance and efficacy of the interspecific and interenvironmental comparative approaches to the study of primate behavior. Continuing the general theme of the series, this volume combines a number of papers.

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Primatology is the scientific study of primates. It is a diverse discipline at the boundary between mammalogy and anthropology, and researchers can be found in academic departments of anatomy, anthropology, biology, medicine, psychology, veterinary sciences and zoology, as well as in animal sanctuaries, biomedical research facilities, . Dr. Murray is one of the Lead Investigators of the Gombe Chimpanzee Research Project, which allows our lab to partner new field data with over 50 years of long-term behavioral records. As the most extensive great ape dataset in the world, we can finally investigate social behavior across the lifespan and directly relate behavior to reproductive .