Publication bias is a well known phenomenon, as the peer review process often rejects "null results". A journal rejection does not necessarily mean that you do not have a chance to resubmit the journal though.
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Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Don't have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. Share this page on your website: This article is a part of the guide: Select from one of the other courses available: Don't miss these related articles:.
Check out our quiz-page with tests about: Back to Overview "Write a Paper". Search over articles on psychology, science, and experiments. Leave this field blank: Most non-fiction class papers fall into one of two categories: For research papers, you are expected to pick a topic and engage in independent research usually in the library or online to find information and sources.
For topic papers, you are usually given a topic, or several to choose from, based on the course readings and discussion and are expected to make use of those resources rather than outside ones to write your paper.
Almost everything in this guide applies equally to both kinds of papers. No matter which kind of paper you are writing you must make use of the course readings.
Those readings are there to help you understand material both in and out of the course. The whole point of either type of paper is to see how well you can apply what you have learned in the course. Doing so requires that you make use of the ideas and readings from it. When you finish your paper, check to see if you have course readings cited and in your bibliography. If not, chances are good that what you have done is probably not too relevant to the course. Whether your paper involves outside research or not, you need to have a thesis statement.
Once you have an idea of what you want to say, and have some grasp of what others have said, you need to make your ideas more concrete by coming up with a thesis sentence s. A thesis indicates the main argument of your paper. The point of any class paper is to persuade your reader that you have something to say that he or she should care about.
A good thesis should be debatable, specific, and concise. The following is not a good thesis:. While it is concise and somewhat specific, this thesis is not really debatable.
This thesis is debatable, it is specific, and it is reasonably concise. It takes one side of a possibly refutable argument. One can imagine someone arguing that the history of the USSR indicates the problems of political totalitarianism and says nothing about economic planning.
The basis for your supporting arguments should be the material that has been covered in class and in the readings, and, if required, from outside sources. The whole reason to take a course is to discover a framework for analyzing new phenomena whether natural, social, literary, or artistic , and formal papers are an opportunity to demonstrate that you have learned enough to do such an analysis.
It is also crucial to remember to put your thesis up front. This is what you should be doing during the entire paper. The purpose of course papers is to give the instructor your informed opinion on your topic. Your thesis is a guide to the view you will present in the rest of the paper. Put it up front and stick to it. Think of yourself as a lawyer and think of defending a thesis as being like trying to convict a defendant, and think of the professor as the judge, not the jury.
This means thinking of your sources as evidence. This works in both directions. Sources that back up your argument are great because you can quote or cite them to build up your evidence, like eyewitnesses to a crime.
Sources that contradict what you have to say are important as well because you must present arguments for why you believe that contradictory arguments are incorrect or incomplete. If you found a source that argued that the history of the USSR teaches us nothing about the feasibility of economic planning, then you would have to try to refute it or explain its incompleteness. If the defendant has an alibi, you have to show that he is lying or that even the alibi cannot get him off the hook.
Introductions are just that. They allow you to introduce your argument to your reader and vice versa. They also try to convince the reader why he should care about what you have to say. Start with something interesting and sufficiently general, and then draw your reader in by applying that general idea to the topic at hand. Introductions should be general but not too general. A bad introductory sentence is:.
You want your intro to say something reasonably specific about your subject, like:. See how that really addresses something of substance? You could go on from there to talk about the nature of exploitation, how he defines capitalism and then conclude it with a thesis that explains why he thought capitalism causes exploitation.
Conclusions are also just that: Would a prosecuting attorney end a closing statement this way: Conclude by telling your reader what conclusions one could draw from your paper.
Provide her with a moral of the story. The idea behind citation is simple: As a writer, you have the right to articulate your own ideas and opinions, as well as the right to draw upon the work of those who have come before you. With those rights comes the responsibility to both inform your reader of which ideas are yours and which are not and to give credit to others when you make use of their work.
This is your way of showing others that you have both done your research and understand the importance of your sources in developing your own arguments. My preference on style is that you use in-text citations with a bibliography at the end, i. Any copy pasting is prohibited. It might cause severe consequences to the reputation and success of international students. We at easy academic writing service PhD deliver papers that have necessary references.
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The first thing that you'll need to understand is that writing in college is for the most part a particular kind of writing, called "academic writing.". While academic writing might be defined in many ways, there are three concepts that you need to understand before you write your first academic paper.
I keep hearing from college professors that students don’t know how to write well,so here’s a primer for college kids on how to properly write an academic paper.
Methods of study for conducting academic research and writing an academic paper might differ according to the subject and level of study but the basic structure of academic papers, following remains more or less the same. Citing sources in the body of your paper and providing a list of references as either footnotes or endnotes is a very important aspect of academic writing. It is essential to always acknowledge the source of any ideas, research findings, data, or quoted text that you have used in your paper as a defense against allegations of plagiarism.
Writing for an academic journal: 10 tips Select two types of paper: one that's the type of paper you can use as a model for yours, and one that you can cite in your paper, thereby joining the. Student Guide to Writing. a High-Quality Academic Paper. Follow these guidelines when writing academic papers, including your Trident University Case and SLP assignments. An effective academic writing style is an essential part of a university.