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How to Write a Research Paper

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❶The one big mess that you can get into, as a student, comes from doing too much unfocused research before identifying your own viewpoint, the one that you will eventually need to support. If you are uncertain as to what is expected of you in completing the assignment or project, re-read your assignment sheet carefully or ASK your teacher.

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You can identify a gap in the existing scholarship and explain how you are addressing it and moving understanding forward. Elaborate on the rationale of your paper. Once you have framed your work within a broader context you can elaborate more fully on the rationale of your research and its particular strengths and importance. The rationale should clearly and concisely indicate the value of your paper and its contribution to the field.

For example, if you are writing a scientific paper you could stress the merits of the experimental approach or models you have used. Stress what is novel in your research and the significance of your new approach, but don't give too much detail in the introduction.

State your research questions. Once you have indicated where your research sits in the field and the general rationale for your paper, you can specify the research questions the paper addresses. The literature review and rationale frames your research and introduces your research question. This question should be developed fluently from the earlier parts of the introduction and shouldn't come as a surprise to the reader.

An example of a research question could be "what were the consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement on the Mexican export economy? A good research question should shape a problem into a testable hypothesis. After you have specified your research questions you need to give a clear and concise articulation of your hypothesis, or your thesis statement.

This is a statement which indicates your essay will make a specific contribution and have a clear result rather than just covering a broader topic.

If possible try to avoid using the word "hypothesis" and rather make this implicit in your writing. In a scientific paper, giving a clear one-sentence overview of your results and their relation to your hypothesis makes the information clear and accessible. Outline the structure of your paper.

In some cases the final part of an introduction to a research paper will be a few lines that provide an overview of the structure of the body of the paper. This is not always necessary and you should pay attention to the writing conventions in your discipline. In a natural sciences paper, for example, there is a fairly rigid structure which you will be following. Sample Research Introduction for Humanities.

Sample Research Introduction Starters. There's no official word count for an introduction but brevity is the soul of clarity. Do a sentence to get the reader interested in your topic and a sentence to state your thesis. You also want to include a few sentences briefly outlining the important points in the paper and some background information, if necessary. Write at least five to eight clear, concise sentences.

Get to the point and don't make it too wordy. Not Helpful 13 Helpful I want to write an introduction on my research; the topic is carbohydrates. How can I do this? Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients in our diet fat and protein being the others. They exist in many forms and are mainly found in starchy foods such as bread, pasta, and rice, as well as in some beverages, e. Carbohydrates represent the most important source of energy for the body, and are vital for a varied and balanced diet.

Not Helpful 21 Helpful Start with "I am so and so, here to present this" and not "My name is so and so. Not Helpful 24 Helpful How would I write a research introduction about addiction to online gaming?

Explain how online gaming has become a daily activity for many people and how it becomes addictive. Outline the basic points of the research you plan to present in the rest of your paper without getting into specifics.

Not Helpful 16 Helpful How do I write a research introduction on the high school drop out rate? Start with a statistic and work from there. The best thing you can start with is a catchy piece of information or phrase. Not Helpful 7 Helpful How do I write a research introduction on computer buses and performance?

You can say something like: Regardless of that the computer performance can be hindered by various ways. According to this research l discovered the following..

Not Helpful 0 Helpful 2. I am writing about restorative justice, plea of temporary insanity for murder and what we can do as psychologists. Can you give me a clue for introduction? Give an overview of the current state, heavily cited, and why it leads you to believe a closer look is warranted. Use the intro to provide justification for the rest of the paper being written. Not Helpful 17 Helpful Basketball is too broad of a topic. What specifically do you want to talk about?

Do you want to talk about what it is like to work as a player? The dangers of the sport? How the sport has changed from when it was first invented? Not Helpful 7 Helpful 6. Is it an argumentative essay or an objective informative essay? You can talk about the history of how cigarettes came to be, why they are sold in stores, health issues, what they are made of, etc.

Not Helpful 8 Helpful 5. Often stated as a question, the problem should be focused narrowly on the problem being studied. Define the purpose of the study: The literature review provides information about what is already known, provides information about concepts, and how the concepts have been measured.

Not Helpful 2 Helpful 0. My research is about the relationship of communicable diseases and teenagers consumption of hygienic soap products. How can I start introducing it? Answer this question Flag as How can I write an introduction for the topic of the perception of parents regarding the implementation of mainstreaming and inclusion of student with disabilities?

How do I start the introduction of my term paper on the role played by the senate and governing council in their convocation? How can I start an introduction for research paper on ethics in workplace. How do I write a research introduction for violence against woman and children? Sample outlines for research papers will follow. The introduction should contain your thesis statement or the topic of your research as well as the purpose of your study.

You may include here the reason why you chose that particular topic or simply the significance of your research paper's topic. You may also state what type of approach it is that you'll be using in your paper for the entire discussion of your topic. Generally, your Introduction should orient your readers to the major points the rest of the paper will be covering, and how. The body of your paper is where you will be presenting all your arguments to support your thesis statement.

Start with a strong argument, followed by a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument as your final point. The conclusion is where you form a summary of all your arguments so you can arrive at your final position. Explain and reiterate why you've ended up with the said conclusion. As mentioned earlier, here are some sample outlines for research papers:. Shakespeare Adapted from AResearchGuide. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:.

Research Paper Outline Examples. Retrieved Sep 14, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.

Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Don't have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later.

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Writing a Research Paper. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so .

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pdf version of this page This review covers the basic elements of a research report. This is a general guide for what you will see in journal articles or dissertations. This format assumes a mixed methods study, but you can leave out either quantitative or qualitative sections if you only used a single methodology. This. HOW TO WRITE AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PAPER • Getting ready with data • First draft • Structure of a scientific paper • Selecting a journal • Submission.

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Writing a Research Report: Getting Started • Writing is an iterative process. – Therefore you do not have to start at the beginning! Whatever you do. Just start writing! Writing a Research Report. A research report template can be digital or paper based; the basic content areas remain the same. Headings with spaces for content below should include an abstract, introduction, background, literature review, method, results, analysis, discussion, conclusion and .