The DBQ is comprised of multiple documents. These can include primary sources, secondary scholarship, images, text… You may not be familiar with all of the documents, but you must be able to use what you know either background information or context clues from the documents themselves in order to make a coherent historical argument that supports your thesis.
You must use at least six of the documents to support your thesis. Of those six, you must be able to explicitly explain four of the documents. An explicit explanation can comprise a discussion of:. Again, all discussions of the documents must demonstrate that you can use the documents to strengthen your argument and support your thesis.
Using Evidence Beyond the Documents: There are two strands here. Contextualization means that you must locate your argument within a larger historical context; i. So if the question is about, for example, warfare during the Civil War versus the French and Indian War, you must give enough background information about one or both of those events to convince the grader that you know what you are talking about when you make claims about one or both of those processes. Related to contextualization is your ability to give evidence from beyond the documents themselves.
In other words, though you may have used outside evidence in the previous strand Document Analysis , you must now refer to additional evidence that explains the documents and their relationship to your broader historical argument.
Again, to do this properly, you must be able to write at least a paragraph giving additional context on the specific documents. One sentence will not cut it. The final strand is your ability to synthesize.
This just means that you can show a relationship between your argument and a different type of argument. While the AP World and AP European history tests also award the synthesis point for your connection of your argument to a different field of study anthropology, art history, government and politics, etc. As with contextualization, you can only earn a point for synthesis if your synthesis is well-developed and clear.
In other words, you must do more than merely refer to a different historical time period, development, process, or approach. The DBQ can seem daunting. You are supposed to be able to juggle multiple skills argumentation, contextualization, periodization, synthesis… as well as actual content knowledge and use them all at once to make a concrete argument.
However, the more you practice, the easier this will become. Do not put pressure on yourself to write a perfect DBQ on your first, second, or third try. This rubric is broken into component skills so that you can test yourself on each one.
While they are all related — and while no knowledge exists in a vacuum — give yourself the freedom to focus on different skills each time you practice. Instead, focus on one or two skills at a time. Though this question tests your ability to think and describe relationships and arguments in context of one another, there is no replacement for content knowledge.
Flashcards that list the salient facts about a big event or relevant document can be very helpful here. With enough practice, you will be able to make a well-supported historical argument in time for the AP exam. Spend time in and out of class practicing how to write these, and you might even come to enjoy the process come May.
Start your AP exam prep today. Learn anything through interactive practice with Albert. Last spring, Jodi G. You can begin writing whenever you wish. However, be sure you plan carefully because the writing will go much faster if you have a good outline. That covers the general format, but no doubt you want to hear more about these mysterious documents. These could be primary or secondary, and they could take almost any form: You will need to use all or all but one of the documents in your essay.
You should go further in-depth on at least four of the documents. See the rubric breakdown section below for more details. Now that we've discussed the purpose, format, and document protocol of the DBQ, we need to discuss scoring. Don't worry if these look like gibberish to you.
I'll break it down briefly here, and go even more in-depth on my article about how to prepare for and write a DBQ. There are four categories in this rubric: You can score up to seven points. Just be sure to tie any further analysis back to your main argument!
If you are an auditory learner, I recommend the following video , which breaks down all the components you need to get a seven. If this seems like a lot to take in, don't worry. Somewhere in the range can definitely get you there.
See page eight of this document. Now that you understand the purpose, format, and rubric for document-based questions, I'll give you some tips on how to get the score you're aiming for. Two things will help you crush the DBQ: I know I just threw a lot of information at you.
So here are some key takeaway points:. Need more study resources for AP World History? Try this article on the best notes to use for studying from one of our experts. Or just looking for general information about your upcoming APs? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:. Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to helping students succeed in all areas of life.
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Score on SAT Math. Score on SAT Reading. Score on SAT Writing. What ACT target score should you be aiming for? What is a DBQ? The Document-Based Question Explained. Posted by Ellen McCammon Jan 28, This baby is too young to be diving into the DBQ! The DBQ is testing your ability to: For that, you might: Maybe your brother hates soccer. Maybe that review of the soccer ball was written for professional soccer players, and you want to know how it is for casual players!
Think about the context of your friend's decision: What time of year is it? You just have to learn how to use it. Let's move on to test formatting so you know what to expect from document-based questions.
What's the Deal With These Documents? Don't worry, they won't be original copies. How much is the DBQ worth on your exam? And how do those pesky AP graders even score it? What Does the Rubric Mean? The rubric the graders use is freely available to you on the College Board website.
Thesis and Argument - 2 points The breakdown: One point for having a clear, historically plausible thesis that is located in the introduction or conclusion. You can get another point here for having a particularly good thesis that presents a nuanced relationship between historical factors, and doing a good job supporting that thesis in your essay.
t s t CATEGORY 5 - Excellent 4 - Very Good 3 - Average 2 - Below Standards 1 - Serious Improvement Needed Introduction Includes a strong introduction, with sentences that goes beyond a simple restatement of the historical context. Provides a .
DBQ Essay Rubric Author: Dowling Last modified by: master Created Date: 11/29/ PM Other titles: DBQ Essay Rubric.
Dbq essay rubric to write in case study writing services system analysis and design assignment help academic editing services. Members from which information was gathered through the general classroom/house, naptosa rubric dbq essay counts. APUSH DBQ Rubric Name: _____ Essay topic: _____ 0 points 1point 2 points 3 points Thesis ( pts) Thesis does not address all parts of the question Thesis simply restates the question Thesis addresses all parts of the question Thesis sets up the argument.
APUSH DBQ RUBRIC Updated July Name: _____ DBQ: _____ CONTEXTUALIZATION Describes a broader historical context relevant to the prompt. The response must relate the topic of the prompt to broader historical events, developments, or processes that occur before, during, or continue after the time frame of the question. APUSH DBQ Rubric . iRubric S A rubric for assessing essays relating to document based questions. Free rubric builder and assessment tools.