Although most word processors provide an automatic system of doing this, the added complexity, and the way that it makes the paper unwieldy for the reader, means that it is falling out of fashion. It is always best to over cite, and avoid accusations of plagiarism , but there are a few times that citation is not necessary. General knowledge, such as 'Crick and Watson discovered the structure of DNA,' will not need referencing. Common knowledge in the field is generally fine, too, although you should err on the side of caution.
If you use class notes, some lecturers are not too worried about citations, although it is usually good practice to find a source saying the same information, from a textbook or journal. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Oct 15, Retrieved Sep 10, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.
Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Don't have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. Martyn Shuttleworth K reads. Share this page on your website: This article is a part of the guide: Select from one of the other courses available: Don't miss these related articles:. Check out our quiz-page with tests about: Back to Overview "Write a Paper".
Search over articles on psychology, science, and experiments. Leave this field blank: Want to stay up to date? Check Out the Official Book Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Read More also available as ebook. Save this course for later Don't have time for it all now?
Use an in-text citation whenever you are discussing an idea that is not your own. Any information, including images, statistics, data, ideas, quotes or paraphrases, that you use from another source must be cited within the text of your paper.
Place the in-text citation within the text of your paper after the information that the citation refers to. In most cases the citation will go at the end of the sentence, but in some cases where you are discussing a concept in more than one sentence, you will put the citation after a set of sentences that are all discussing the same idea or concept. Additionally, sometimes you will have more than one idea within a sentence, and each idea will come from a separate source.
When this is the case, you will have multiple in-text citations within the sentence. Review the guidelines of the particular type of writing style that you have been requested to use in writing your paper to determine the proper format for your in-text citations. An example of an APA in-text citation would look like this: Jones and Jones discovered the principle of excitation. Alternatively, it may look like this: Ensure that each in-text citation matches up with a full citation placed in your reference list, which may be termed a bibliography or works cited list.
This allows a reader to look at a citation within the text of your paper and then refer to the reference list to find the full details of the citation so that she can investigate the topic further on her own. Blair has been professionally writing since She is currently a post-doctoral fellow and research consultant. The database based on Word Net is a lexical database for the English Language.
Depending on the subject of your paper, you will need to adhere to specific format guidelines. For example, English-based papers generally use the MLA format, while science-based papers utilize APA format. In some instances, a university will have guidelines specific to their school.
Mla Style in Text Citations. The MLA style in text citation has two variations, the author/page number, although the modern trend is for author/year/page number, such as (Sargeant , 17) If there are more than two authors listed, then the usual standard is to mention both (Sargeant & McEvoy, ).
Proper in-text citations within a research or term paper can make the difference between a passing and failing grade, as failure to provide proper in-text citations can lead to a charge of plagiarism. Using in-text citations helps tell the reader where the information you are discussing originated. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
APA Citation Guide: In-Text Citations (How to Cite Within your Paper) Learn the intricacies of APA Citation Style. APA is the citation style used by the Health Professions, Sciences, and Social Sciences. When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. Year, e.g., (Anon. ) (Anon. is the abbreviation for anonymous). See Full Citation. If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: (Driblick , in Oobleck ).