Citations and references always need to be completed in a specific academic writing style and these can vary considerably in the information that you need to collect and also the way that the reference is structured and laid out. Getting them right consistently can be a very difficult task. When you are creating your own paper you will often look at many different sources of information.
Often this will be used extensively in your literature review and other areas of your writing. Using information without giving credit to the source would be considered plagiarism and this is treated very seriously in academic writing. So no matter what your source is it must be cited within your writing and listed within your bibliography or references section.
All of the following sources have specific methods of citations and references depending on the style that is required of you:. Our auto reference tool can provide you with references and citations in all of the most commonly used academic styles that you may be asked to write in as well as many others. It is simple to use; just tell the tool what particular style you want to use the bibliography maker and follow the prompts that it provides to create your correctly structured reference.
Our referencing tool can help with all of the following styles and many more:. One of the main reasons for using a citation machine is that each style has very different methods for structuring and organizing your references. When using a direct quote, paraphrasing information, or simply referring to a piece of information from another source. Quite often, researchers and scholars use a small amount of text, word for word, from another source and include it in their own research projects.
This is done for many reasons. In addition to using the exact words from another source and placing them into your project, in-text citations are also added anytime you paraphrase information. Paraphrasing is when you take information from another source and rephrase it, in your own words.
When simply referring to another piece of information from another source, also include an in-text citation directly following it. In-text citations are found after a direct quote, paraphrased information, or reference.
They are formatted like this:. This information is included in order to help the reader locate the exact portion of text themselves. According to a study done by Kent and Giles , student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers. Head to our homepage to learn more. Click here to learn more about crediting work.
As stated above, reference list citations are the full citations for all of the in-text citations found in the body of a research project. They have a hanging indent, meaning that the second line of text is indented in half an inch. See examples below to see what a hanging indent looks like. The format for citations varies based on the source type, but some citations use this general format:. Learn more about each component of the reference citation and how to format it in the sections that follow.
The names of authors are written in reverse order. Include the initials for the first and middle names. End this information with a period. When two or more authors work together on a source, write them in the order in which they appear on the source, using this format:. If you plan on using a free APA citation tool, such as Citation Machine, the names of the authors will format properly for you. Include the full date for newspapers, the month and year for magazine articles, and only the year for journals and all other sources.
If no date is found on the source, include the initials, n. If using Citation Machine, our citation generator will add the correct format for you automatically.
When writing out titles for books, articles, chapters, or other nonperiodical sources, only capitalize the first word of the title and the first word of the subtitle. Names of people, places, organizations, and other proper nouns also have the first letter capitalized. For newspapers, magazines, journals, newsletters, and other periodicals, capitalize the first letter in each word and italicize the title.
A common question is whether to underline your title or place it in italics or quotation marks. In this citation style, titles are never underlined or placed in quotation marks.
They are either placed in italics or not. When a source sits alone and is not part of a larger whole, place the title in italics. If the source does not sit alone and is part of a larger whole, do not place it in italics.
Books, movies, journals, and television shows are placed in italics since they stand alone. Songs on an album, episodes of television shows, chapters in books, and articles in journals are not placed in italics since they are smaller pieces of larger wholes.
If you feel it would be helpful to include additional information about the source type, include this information in brackets immediately following the title. Use a brief descriptive term and capitalize the first letter. Jurassic Park [Motion picture]. If you are using Citation Machine, additional information about the title is automatically added for you.
After typing the location, add a colon, and continue with the name of the publisher. It is not necessary to include the entire name of the publisher. It is acceptable to use a brief, intelligible form. Other common terms, such as Inc. For newspapers, journals, magazines, and other periodicals, include the volume and issue number after the title. The volume number is listed first, by itself, in italics.
The issue number is in parentheses immediately after it, not italicized. A study on the role of computers in adult education. Educational Research and Reviews , 11 9 , After including the location and publisher information, end this section of the citation with a period.
DOI numbers are often created by publishers for journal articles and other periodical sources. They were created in response to the problem of broken or outdated links and URLs. When a journal article is assigned a DOI number, it is static, and will never change. Because of its permanent characteristic, DOIs are the preferred type of electronic information to include in APA citations.
If using Citation Machine to develop your citation, the online publication information will be automatically replaced by the DOI. Citation Machine will properly cite your online sources for you. Click here for more information about the basics of APA. Author Last name, First initial.
Last name, First initial. The race between education and technology. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Disaster management in archives, libraries and museums. Last name of chapter author, First initial. Last name of Editor Ed. The role of media literacy education within social networking and the library. Introduction to the structural chemistry of zeolites. Your citations will automatically format properly for you. Author Last Name, First initial. Title of work [E-reader version]. The Brooklyn follies [Nook version].
Citation Machine formats your citation properly following APA bibliography guidelines. Title of Periodical, Volume Issue , page range. The decline of war. International Studies Review, 15 3 , Science, , If you need additional help citing your journal articles, our APA reference generator will cite your sources automatically for you. Author's Last name, First initial. Year, Month Day Published.
Title of Newspaper, page range. First passengers ride monster jet. The Salt Lake Tribune, p. Year, Month Date Published. Retrieved from newspaper homepage URL. College athletes want cut of action. Title of Magazine, Volume Issue , page range.
National Geographic Magazine , 6 , Year, Month, Date of blog post. Title of blog post [Blog post]. EasyBib joins the Rainbow Loom project as we dive into research with the third graders [Blog post]. Writer Last Name, First initial. Title of episode [Television or Radio series episode]. City, State of original channel: Chapter 18 [Television series episode].
Executive producer , House of cards. Producer Last Name, First initial.
APA: The American Psychological Association style is most commonly used in the social sciences and overall if one of the most used styles for formatting in use. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is currently on its 6th edition and has been around since
APA style of formatting is based on indicating the author’s last name and publication date of any resource you cite in your paper. These indicators appear in .
With our APA style citation generator, your academic papers and dissertations will be ready for any type of review! Create References And Bibliography With Online APA Citation Generator Our generator is built upon the guidelines of the most recent 6th edition released and revised guide book just for electronic resources published in . Cite This For Me’s APA citation generator uses the latest (6th) edition of the APA format, ensuring ultimate accuracy whether you are using the APA format generator for university assignments or are preparing research projects for publishing. APA Style Paper Formatting Guidelines (6th Edition) When following the APA format guidelines, .
It can serve as the apa, mla, ama citation generator, as well as the Chicago, Harvard citation generator. Citation, alongside with reference list creation can be very daunting. So, there are lots of students who find themselves in troubles because of it. APA is known as the American Psychological Association. But students all around the world know this abbreviation as a separate academic referencing style. While MLA is the easiest paper format usually met at school level, APA is the most common format applied within the social sciences.